Nails form an essential part of our body. Not only do they protect the soft tissues of our fingertips and toes, but they also serve as a means of self-expression through nail polish and nail art. However, they are also susceptible to various problems that can lead to discoloration, brittleness, and even infections. In this article, we will discuss the importance of nail care and various tips to help you achieve healthy nails.

The condition of our nails can be an indicator of our overall health. Healthy nails are typically smooth and pinkish in color, whereas brittle, discolored, and broken nails may indicate underlying health issues such as malnutrition, thyroid problems, or even fungal infections. Proper nail care is essential to maintain healthy nails and prevent complications.

Brittle Nails

Brittle nails are a prevalent problem characterized by dryness, cracking, and splitting. Some of the causes of brittle nails include:

  • Age
  • Exposure to harsh chemicals
  • Dehydration
  • Nutritional deficiencies (e.g., biotin, iron, or zinc deficiency)

Remedies for Brittle Nails

  • Keep your nails hydrated by moisturizing them regularly.
  • Avoid exposing your nails to harsh chemicals, such as those found in nail polish removers or detergents.
  • Ensure you eat a healthy, balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly biotin, iron, and zinc.
  • Consider taking supplements containing biotin, which is known to promote nail strength.

Yellow Nails

Yellowing of nails is another common nail problem that may occur due to prolonged exposure to chemicals or wearing nail polish for an extended period. Some of the causes of yellow nails include:

  • Fungal infections
  • Smoking
  • Medical conditions such as liver or respiratory problems
  • Prolonged use of nail polish

Remedies for Yellow Nails

  • Avoid exposing your nails to harsh chemicals or detergents.
  • Quit smoking to improve your nail health and overall health.
  • Get treatment for any underlying health condition contributing to your nail discoloration.
  • Use a cuticle pusher to push back the cuticles and prevent nail polish from seeping into the nails.

Ingrown Nails


Ingrown nails occur when the nail grows into the surrounding skin, causing toenail pain, inflammation, and even infection. Some of the causes of ingrown nails include:

  • Tight-fitting shoes
  • Injury to the nail
  • Poor nail trimming technique

Remedies for Ingrown Nails

  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide ample space for your toes.
  • Avoid trimming your nails too short or curving the corners.
  • Soak your feet in warm saltwater several times a day to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Apply antibiotic ointment to prevent infections.

Fungal Infection

Fungal nail infections, also known as onychomycosis, are caused by fungi attacking the nails, leading to discoloration, thickening, and crumbling. Some of the causes of fungal nail infections include:

  • Walking barefoot in damp areas such as pools and showers
  • Wearing tight-fitting shoes
  • Having a weakened immune system

Remedies for Fungal Infection

  • Keep your feet dry and avoid walking barefoot in damp areas.
  • Wear shoes that provide ample ventilation.
  • Apply antifungal medications, either topical or oral, as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Consider laser therapy or surgical intervention for severe cases.

Split Nails

Split nails, also known as onychoschizia, occur when the nails become brittle and develop vertical or horizontal splits. Some of the causes of split nails include:

  • Exposure to harsh chemicals
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Aging

Remedies for Split Nails

  • Avoid exposing your nails to harsh chemicals, such as those found in nail polish removers or detergents.
  • Ensure you eat a healthy, balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly biotin and vitamins A, C, and E.
  • Biotin supplements can also help promote nail strength and thickness.

Home Remedies for Nail Care

DIY Remedies for Nail Care In addition to professional treatments, several home remedies can help improve the condition of your nails, such as:

  • Applying coconut oil or olive oil to your nails to moisturize them.
  • Soaking your nails in warm saltwater to ease inflammation and pain.
  • Applying lemon juice to your nails to remove discoloration.
  • Massaging your nails with almond oil to improve overall nail health.


The frequency of pedicures varies from person to person. Generally, it is recommended to get a pedicure every 4-6 weeks, depending on your nail health.

Gel nail polishes require UV exposure, which can be harmful to your skin. Additionally, the removal process can be harsh on your nails.

It is not recommended to get manicures or pedicures if you have a fungal infection, as it can spread to other nails and increase the severity of the condition.

if you notice persistent or unusual nail changes, such as discoloration, thickening, or separation from the nail bed, it is recommended to seek medical attention.

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